Africa and the Caribbean face similar climate challenges, Dominica gears itself to meet global warming

Roseau, Nov. 25, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The recent  COP27 gathering brought together nations from across the world to tackle climate challenges facing the world. While a lot has been said about the commitments made by leaders of first-world countries such as president Joe Biden of the United States, many developing countries still face challenges similar to what they had before the gathering.

Biden announced that the US is supporting the Global Shield, a G7 initiative to better protect vulnerable countries in Africa and the Caribbean from climate-related losses and to quickly respond to climate-related damages by expanding access to risk-based insurance. The G7-led Partnership for Global Infrastructure and Investment is said to be working to meet the critical infrastructure needs in low- and middle-income countries with a specific focus on climate.

While the COP27 agreement to set up a fund for loss and damage caused by extreme weather condition is a great milestone in the joint effort to increase climate resilience, developing countries have been pursuing such a facility for decades. As yet, no agreement has been reached as to how the fund will be set up, how it will be funded, and who or which countries will fund it.

Developing nations have also been lobbying for a reform of the World Bank and other publicly funded finance institutions which are seen to be failing to provide developing nations with funding to help adapt to the climate crisis and to help cut their greenhouse gas emissions.

In 2009 wealthier countries agreed that at least 100bn US dollars a year would be provided to developing countries by 2020 from public and private sources, to help these counties with their climate efforts. However, this target remains unmet.

The U.S. is the second-largest CO2 emitter after China, and the largest historically. In 2019, U.S. greenhouse gas emissions totalled 6,558 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalents – a two percent increase since 1990, while Dominica represented 0% of the global share of CO2 emissions in the same period according to Worldometer.

In a recent open letter by Nigerian president Muhammadu Buhari, posted during the run-up to COP27, he refers to what the U.N. secretary general has called “a climate of mistrust” that envelops our world. He wrote, “First, rich countries should direct a greater share of funding to developing nations’ adaptation to the effects of climate change. Most financing currently flows toward mitigation projects, such as renewable energy projects, that reduce emissions. While such projects have their uses, far more money needs to go to helping Africa adapt to the effects of climate change — which seems only fair for a continent that produces less than 3 percent of global emissions.”

Caribbean nations like Dominica face similar challenges. As a small island state that has not been causing global warming to any levels near those of developed nations, Dominica is disproportionately suffering the consequences of adapting to massive changes in weather conditions.

Instead of relying on the financial assistance of foreign countries, Dominica serves as a good example of a Small Developing Island State (SIDS) that has been using funds received through its very successful citizenship by investment (CBI) programme to support climate resilience and green energy programmes.

According to the UN, Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are a distinct group of 38 UN Member States and 20 Non-UN Members/Associate Members of United Nations regional commissions that face unique social, economic and environmental vulnerabilities.

While COP27 nations have agreed to phase down the use of coal, the same as during COP26, the Commonwealth of Dominica already obtains 28% of its energy requirements from renewable energy sources such as hydropower and wind. In March 2019, the World Bank approved a US$27 million project to support the construction of a 7MW small geothermal power plant in the Rosseau Valley area of Dominica, which aims to increase the share of renewables, diversify the country’s energy matrix, and identify a clear road map for private sector investment in geothermal development.

“The Geothermal Power Plant shows Dominica’s commitment toward resilience. Projects like the geothermal plant are putting the Nature Isle ahead of the world in combatting climate change while relieving the nation of its reliance on imported fossil fuels,” said Micha Rose Emmett, CEO of the world’s leading government advisory and marketing firm, CS Global Partners.

The country’s funding efforts have focused on upgrading and expanding its road network, including the adjustment of bridges to make them higher to allow for overflow of water and debris, building resilience capabilities in the local housing sector, and upgrading healthcare facilities and hospitals. Funds are also directed to supporting climate resilience programmes in agriculture, education, reforestation, community preparedness training and food security.

Dominica’s CBI programme is one of the best in the world, ranking as the number one programme of its kind for five consecutive years by the CBI Index. This is a ranking system published by the Financial Times’s Professional Wealth Management (PWM) magazine. With a minimum investment of 100,000 US dollars per single applicant, successful applicants obtain citizenship for life, with the right to live and work in the country. Dominica also offers increased global mobility and visa-free access to over 80 countries worldwide, with close proximity to the north American markets for those with business interests. Successful applicants maintain the right to hold dual citizenship and citizenship can be passed on to future generations.  Applicants can choose to invest by either making a substantial contribution to the Economic Diversification Fund (EDF) or have the option to purchase government-approved property for a minimum of 200,000 US dollars that must be held for a minimum of three years.

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La Conférence sur l’innovation et le développement a eu lieu à Nankin à l’occasion du 120e anniversaire de l’université d’agriculture de Nankin

NANKIN, Chine, 25 novembre 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Après douze décennies d’excellence en constante progression, l’université d’agriculture de Nankin (la NAU) a célébré son 120e anniversaire lors de la Conférence sur l’innovation et le développement qui s’est tenue le 20 novembre dans son centre sportif. Chen Ligen, Secrétaire du Comité du Parti de l’université d’agriculture de Nankin, a présidé la conférence, et le président Chen Fadi y a prononcé un discours. D’anciens élèves, des étudiants et des partenaires de tous horizons ont regardé la diffusion en direct de la conférence sur la plateforme web à l’occasion du 120e anniversaire de l’université d’agriculture de Nankin.

Innovation and Development Conference of Nanjing Agricultural University's 120th anniversary

Depuis longtemps, l’université d’agriculture de Nankin insiste pour s’ouvrir et promouvoir la coopération et les échanges internationaux dans les domaines de l’éducation, de la science, de la technologie et des talents. Elle a noué des partenariats étroits avec plus de 170 universités et instituts dans plus de 50 pays et régions du monde. Gary S. May, président du campus Davis de l’université de Californie, a déclaré dans un message vidéo que UCDavis et la NAU avaient entretenu un partenariat de longue durée et conjointement mis en œuvre le concept pédagogique de « santé mondiale » dans les domaines de l’agriculture, de l’alimentation et de la santé animale. Il s’est réjoui de la coopération future entre les deux universités au profit de l’humanité et de contribuer davantage à la santé humaine dans le monde.

Chen Fadi a déclaré qu’au cours des 120 dernières années, l’université d’agriculture de Nankin avait tenu le rythme et pris fermement position pour le peuple en prenant l’initiative de promouvoir la vertu par l’éducation. La NAU a connu de brillants succès et été à l’origine de nombreuses premières fois pour la Chine.

Chen Ligen a déclaré que la NAU avait réalisé 120 ans d’efforts. À l’aube d’un nouveau départ et d’un nouveau voyage, la NAU s’acquittera pleinement de sa tâche fondamentale consistant à promouvoir la vertu par l’éducation, et prendra pour mission de renforcer et de revitaliser l’agriculture, d’accélérer la construction d’une université agricole d’envergure internationale. Elle contribuera à la modernisation de l’agriculture nationale dans les zones rurales et à la revitalisation des campagnes dans leur ensemble en adoptant une attitude et un état d’esprit positifs.

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Légende : Conférence sur l’innovation et le développement à l’occasion du 120e anniversaire de l’université d’agriculture de Nankin

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Hisense ouvre son premier showroom B2B en Afrique du Sud

LE CAP, Afrique du Sud, 24 novembre 2022/PRNewswire/ — Hisense, l’une des principales marques mondiales d’appareils électroménagers et d’électronique grand public, a annoncé l’ouverture de son premier showroom B2B en Afrique du Sud.

Situé à Johannesburg, le showroom servira de salle d’exposition pour présenter les offres d’Hisense pour son segment B2B, telles que les affichages commerciaux, les appareils médicaux d’échographie et les solutions pour les villes intelligentes. Les différents produits et solutions d’affichage numérique d’Hisense, son système de régulation du trafic intelligent, ses appareils médicaux, ainsi que ses téléviseurs laser, ses téléviseurs ULED et ses réfrigérateurs intelligents seront également exposés dans la salle d’exposition.

« De nombreuses personnes en Afrique du Sud connaissent Hisense grâce à ses produits électroménagers ; cependant, ces dernières années, Hisense a également connu un développement rapide dans son segment B2B en transformant continuellement ses produits et sa chaîne industrielle vers le haut de gamme et la haute technologie, » a déclaré Patrick, directeur marketing de Hisense.

L’un des pôles d’activité du segment B2B d’Hisense, celui de l’affichage commercial, qui a connu une croissance significative en 2021, présentera plusieurs de ses produits et solutions au showroom, notamment les tableaux numériques interactifs, les panneaux de signalisation numérique, les murs vidéo, les murs LED, et la signalisation extérieure.

Les visiteurs pourront également en apprendre davantage sur les offres d’Hisense en matière de transport intelligent. Hisense est sur le terrain depuis plus de 20 ans et a étendu ses activités dans de nombreux pays et régions du monde, notamment en Afrique du Sud, en Afrique de l’Ouest, aux Émirats arabes unis, en Indonésie, en Thaïlande, au Vietnam, en Slovénie et en Serbie, pour n’en nommer que quelques-uns. Il a également contribué à de nombreux projets importants dans le monde, notamment un système d’autobus intelligent à Addis-Abeba, la capitale de l’Éthiopie, et un projet pilote de construction de transport intelligent à Doha.

Fort des décennies d’expertise d’Hisense dans les domaines du traitement d’images, du traitement de l’information et de la technologie d’interaction, Hisense Medical a développé avec succès certains produits essentiels tels que l’échographe Hisense HD60 à haute résolution de pointe. Hisense a obtenu une licence de l’Autorité sud-africaine de réglementation des produits de santé (SAHPRA) pour l’appareil en janvier 2022.

L’investissement continu d’Hisense dans l’innovation et les décennies d’expertise accumulées dans la fabrication d’appareils électroménagers et d’électronique grand public lui ont permis de devenir non seulement une marque B2C, mais aussi une entreprise mondiale qui peut fournir des solutions compressives à des partenaires commerciaux du monde entier dans plus de secteurs. Considérant le segment B2B comme déterminant pour le développement de l’entreprise, Hisense est impatient de nouer des partenariats stratégiques avec davantage de partenaires commerciaux en Afrique du Sud et au-delà.

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Qatar Eliminated, US and England Draw in World Cup

World Cup host Qatar was eliminated from the tournament Friday after losing to Senegal in its second match, 3-1, while an anticipated match between England and the United States ended in a 0-0 draw.

Both England and the United States had chances to score but failed to convert their shots into goals. U.S. captain Christian Pulisic hit the crossbar during the first half of the match while his teammate Weston McKennie shot over the goal from about 7 meters out.

English captain Harry Kane had a chance to win the match with a header but sent the ball wide.

England, the favorite to win the match, has met the United States three times at the World Cup but has yet to win against the Americans. Apart from Friday, the teams played in 1950, in which the United States won 1-0 and in 2010 when the teams played to a 1-1 draw.

During Qatar’s match, the host team showed flashes of strong attacking play but struggled to keep pace with the Senegalese team. Qatar was unlucky when it was denied a penalty and the chance to take the lead after Senegal’s player Ismaila Sarr ran into Akram Afif.

The referee did not award a penalty even though replays suggested that contact took place between the players.

Senegalese fans rhythmically drummed throughout the match, while Qatar’s fans broke out into the wave around the stadium.

Following the match, Qatar’s fate in the tournament was sealed when the Netherlands and Ecuador drew 1-1 in another Group A game of the day.

Qatar now has no chance to advance to the round of 16 regardless of the outcome of their next match against the Netherlands on Tuesday. Their elimination from the tournament is the quickest for a host country in World Cup history.

South Africa is the only other host team that did not make it past the group stage of the tournament, but it was able to win one of its matches.

In the match between Ecuador and the Netherlands, Ecuadorian captain Enner Valencia scored his third goal in Qatar, making him the current top scorer at the World Cup.

Ecuador played a strong game against the favored Netherlands, impressing for the second time after their win against Qatar 2-0 in the tournament’s opening match.

Ecuador will next play Senegal on Tuesday and will need just a draw to advance to the next round.

In another match that took place Friday, Iran beat Wales 2-0 with both goals taking place in the last minutes of the game.

Roozbeh Cheshmi scored the first goal in the 98th minute, and Ramin Rezaeian scored the second in the 101st.

Iran and Wales are in Group B along with England and the United States.

Iran lost its first match to England 6-2 while the United States and Wales played to a 1-1 draw.

All four countries are still in contention to advance to the round of 16, but England has the easiest path having already earned four points in the group stage. They are followed by Iran with three points, the United States with two and Wales with one.

The United States must win against Iran when they play on Tuesday to advance.

Games on Saturday include a much-anticipated match between Argentina and Mexico, in which Argentina, who entered the tournament as a favorite, could face early elimination if it loses.

Argentina suffered the biggest upset of the tournament when it lost to Saudi Arabia 2-1 in its first match.

Saudi Arabia faces Poland Saturday when it is again the underdog.

Also Saturday, defending World Cup champion France plays Denmark. A win by France would advance them to the round of 16.

Source: Voice of America

UN Weekly Roundup: November 19-25, 2022

Russia’s war in Ukraine passes 9-month milestone

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said Thursday that Russia would not break his country, as nine months have passed since President Vladimir Putin launched an invasion. This week has been particularly bad, as Russia launched scores of missile attacks aimed at taking out the country’s power grid with winter temperatures dropping below freezing. On Wednesday, the Ukrainian president requested an emergency meeting of the U.N. Security Council, which he addressed by video. He urged the council to take “concrete steps to protect humanity and life” by adopting a resolution condemning any forms of “energy terror.”

He also repeated his call for U.N. experts to examine and assess critical infrastructure facilities in his country that have been or may be hit by Russian missiles. “Russia is doing everything to make the electric generator a more powerful and necessary tool than the U.N. Charter,” he said.

Human Rights Council orders investigation into crackdown on Iranian protesters

In a special session on Thursday, the Geneva-based Human Rights Council condemned Iran’s repression of peaceful demonstrators following the death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini in mid-September and voted to create an international fact-finding mission to investigate the deadly crackdown. The 47-country council voted 25 in favor and 6 against — Armenia, China, Cuba, Eritrea, Pakistan and Venezuela — with 16 abstentions. The U.N. rights office says more than 300 protesters, including at least 40 children, have been killed by security forces since the protests began two months ago. At least 14,000 protesters have been arrested and at least 21 of them face the death penalty.

Security Council urges Yemen’s Houthis to extend truce

Security Council members on Tuesday urged Yemen’s Houthi rebels to renew a truce that expired in October and to engage in substantive talks to end the more than eight-year-old conflict. A two-month-long truce was originally agreed to on April 2 for the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. It led to a drop in civilian casualties and some relief in importing fuel and resuming commercial flights. The parties renewed it twice, but it expired on October 2 and the Iranian-backed Houthi rebels have not agreed to extend it.

In brief

— The International Organization for Migration said Wednesday that more than 50,000 people worldwide have lost their lives during migratory journeys since IOM’s Missing Migrants Project began documenting deaths in 2014. IOM noted the lack of action by governments in countries of origin, transit and destination to address the issue of missing migrants. More than 60% of missing migrants remain unidentified, according to the report. Of those whose nationality could be identified, more than 9,000 were from Africa, over 6,500 were from Asia and another 3,000 were from the Americas. More than half of the deaths occurred on routes to and inside Europe, with Mediterranean routes claiming over 25,000 lives.

— Several U.N. human rights experts said Friday that the Afghan Taliban’s treatment of women and girls may amount to gender persecution, a crime against humanity. Despite pledges to the contrary, the Taliban has increasingly tightened restrictions on females since taking power in August 2021. The de facto authorities have reimposed dress codes, prohibited most women from working outside the home, cut them off from secondary education and, most recently, forbidden them from going to parks and gyms. The U.N. experts, which include several special rapporteurs, said confining women to their homes is ‘tantamount to imprisonment” and is likely leading to more domestic violence and mental health challenges.

— U.S. Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield said Monday that Washington would seek international condemnation of North Korea’s November 18 intercontinental ballistic missile test. The test was Pyongyang’s eighth ICBM launch this year and part of a record 63 ballistic missile launches in 2022. At the U.N. Security Council, Thomas-Greenfield said the U.S. would propose a presidential statement – one step below a council resolution. But such a statement requires all 15 members to agree, and Russia and China signaled they would block such a measure. To date, no statement has been adopted.

— The U.N. said Wednesday that the U.N. coordinator for the Black Sea Grain Initiative, Amir Abdulla, is stepping down from his position for personal reasons. The secretary-general expressed his gratitude for Abdulla’s work. His deputy, Ben Parker, will act as officer in charge for the U.N. at the joint coordination center in Istanbul until the position is filled. Since the initiative was signed in late July, nearly 12 million metric tons of Ukrainian grain and other foodstuffs have been exported from three Ukrainian ports.

— U.N. Special Envoy on Myanmar Noeleen Heyzer said on November 19 that she was encouraged by the announcement of the mass release of detainees in Myanmar. She repeated calls for the immediate release of all children and political prisoners, including President Win Myint and State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi. The country’s military junta said it would release nearly 5,800 prisoners to mark national day on November 17.

Quote of Note

“The old methods and the fortress mentality of those who wield power simply don’t work. In fact, they only aggravate the situation. We are now in a full-fledged human rights crisis.”

U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Volker Turk at Thursday’s special session on the Iranian government’s crackdown on protesters.

What we are watching next week

Friday marks the International Day for the Elimination for Violence against Women and the start of the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence. Secretary-General Guterres is calling on governments to increase funding to women’s rights groups and organizations.

Source: Voice of America